Ancestral Family Topic 904

 904   Joseph DeJarnette I (1716-1791)
Pedigree Chart 08

Joseph DeJarnette I, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, Joseph DeJarnette I might describe his life as follows.

Likely named for my maternal grandfather Joseph Watkins, I was baptized 3 March 1716/7 in Abingdon Parish of Gloucester County,  and grew up in King William County where our family later moved. Although my brothers and sisters settled in Southside Virginia, I headed northwest to Caroline County once they cleared the hostile Indians from the land. Since records of Caroline were substantially destroyed during the Civil War, I can report little about myself.
The tradition is that my wife, Mary, was Mary Pemberton since we named our eldest son James Pemberton. We were the parents of 8 children, all born at our plantation, “Spring Grove.”
Since I was a teacher, I saw to it that our children were well educated. Of our sons, only Joseph remained in Caroline County. Daniel moved to Hanover County and James lived to Halifax County. Rebecca and Susanna went to Kentucky, Mary moved to Buckingham, Anna to Cumberland, and Elizabeth to Mecklenburg County.
I was 75 when the court recorded my now-lost will 13 January 1791. Mary was already dead since her name does not appear in my estate records. The family graveyard at “Spring Grove” may have been our final resting place.

At the time of his death, he owned 200 acres of land that they transferred to his son-in-law, Thomas Richardson. Land of 709 acres in the name of Joseph DeJarnette became the property of Joseph DeJarnette Jr.

Who was Joseph’s wife?
Although it is a tradition that Joseph’s wife was Mary Pemberton, we can find no evidence. A study of the Pemberton family reveals no James Pemberton who could have been her father. Unfortunately, the Pemberton family lived in King and Queen and King William where records have been lost. In 1704 Thomas Pemberton paid quit rents on 115 acres in King and Queen County and George Pemberton on 180 acres in King William County. 

“Spring Grove”
Joseph established the DeJarnette family plantation, “Spring Grove,” Caroline County, which originally contained around 5,000 acres. The plantation extended from the Mattaponi River to the present-day village of Smoots. West of this site is a small creek named DeJarnette Mill Run, presumably marking the location of one of Joseph’s mills. 
Joseph’s first plantation house was about one-half mile east of the present bridge over the Mattaponi River on Route 2, near the present-day town of DeJarnette. The second house was on the site of the present one, facing the river. The rear of the present structure, built in 1856 by Daniel Coleman DeJarnette, Joseph’s great-grandson, rests on the rear of the second house, which burned. It is built of brick made at the site, and covered with stucco. The timbers came from Maine. The third story has an observation deck. Six chimneys rise above the roof-line and there are 22 rooms, 30 windows, and 3 porches. Daniel patterned “Spring Grove” after the chateaux style he saw on a visit to France. He built the house in a grove of trees among many springs and presumably this is how the house derived its name.
Daniel Coleman DeJarnette, who built the present “Spring Grove,” had a seat in the Virginia House of Delegates (1853-58),  and in the 36th U.S. Congress.  He was reelected to the 37th Congress at the beginning of the Civil War, but declined the office, later becoming a delegate in the Confederate Congress. Visitors to “Spring Grove” have included presidents James A. Garfield, Rutherford B. Hayes, and Ulysses S. Grant, and generals Marquis de Lafayette, Philip H. Sheridan and John A. Logan.
To learn more about Daniel Coleman DeJarnette, read his biography at Congress.gov 
A large granite marker beside a picnic site on Route 301, between Richmond and Bowling Green, near the Mattaponi River Bridge commemorates the DeJarnette family. Wingfield’s History of Caroline County devotes a topic to “Spring Grove.” 

Joseph becomes a teacher
In Virginia in the 1700s, education was the responsibility of the parish. Rev. John Brunskill of St. Margaret’s Parish, Caroline County abrogated the responsibility of teaching the parish youth to his son-in-law, John Scott. Because John drank too much, swore, and was a poor teacher, the parish gentry forced Brunskill to hire a more competent instructor.  Joseph took on the job of teaching for the parish, but when Rev. Brunskill failed to pay him, Joseph began to teach on his own and had to go so far as to sue Brunskill in March 1744/45. 

Apprenticeship
The court bound John Norment to Joseph in 1755 and later ordered his apprentice to return to “his Master’s service.” The court eventually consented to Norment terminating the indenture and relinquishing “his demand against said Joseph for freedom dews,” which was usually a set of clothes, tools, food, or money.  For breaking his covenant, Norment was sued by Joseph and paid £5.7.6. 

Land transactions
The first record of a purchase of land by Joseph DeJarnette was in June 1756.  Since he had served as an overseer of a road in 1751, he probably owned land then.
Joseph gave land to his 3 daughters: Elizabeth, Susannah, and Anna, together, and he and his son, Joseph, deeded land to Daniel DeJarnette 10 Sept. 1773.  In 1782 Joseph made a deed of gift to Mary Price, Elizabeth Richardson, and Susanna and Anna DeJarnette,  and in 1783 the court ordered the recording of deeds from Joseph DeJarnette Sr. to Susannah DeJarnette, Rebecca and Margaret Richeson, and Ann Price. 
The first complete list of land owners for Caroline County, for the year 1787, shows Joseph still owned 709 acres in St. Mary’s Parish and 200 acres in St. Margaret’s Parish.
All of the children of Joseph and Mary were married before his death, except Susanna. From the deed of gift mentioned above, Mary had married a Price and Elizabeth, a Richardson, by 1778. Indeed family records show that Rebecca married Thomas Richardson by 1783 and Ann married John Price Jr. Since Joseph did not mention Elizabeth when he deeded property to his 4 daughters, she may have died before 1783.

Court records and civic duties
Caroline County order books reveal some details about Joseph’s civic life. He was summoned to serve on a jury in 1745,  and was the overseer of the road that passed over Herring Creek in 1751.  The following year, he was appointed with others to examine a road planned through the plantation of Charles Blanton,  and in 1753 he was rewarded for apprehending a runaway slave. 
Joseph presented two young slaves to the court to have their ages recorded in 1752 and the court judged that Lucy and Dinah were about 10 years of age.  In 1784 Joseph owned 10 slaves, 9 horses, and 21 head of cattle, and in 1787 he was taxed on 13 slaves.
A bail bondsman, Joseph posted bail for Mordecai Abraham, a salesman, who went to jail for not paying his debts. Joseph, and other bondsmen, John Woolfolk, Paul Thilman, John Roy, and Roger Quarles, could charge up to 50 percent interest on the money paid as bond for a debtor. Out of jail, one could then work to repay the debt. 
Joseph DeJarnette appeared in court several times during 1761, usually as a defendant in cases involving debts, which he always acknowledged. In the years 1762-63, judgements against Joseph were granted the plaintiff in 3 cases, and during the following 4 years, the court awarded nearly 20 judgements against Joseph.  In one case plaintiff, Lucy Tate, was awarded a hoe, and in another, when Joseph did not arrive in court when Andrew Cochran sued him for £164.3.½, the sheriff attached a “one gallon pott.”  In another case, when Joseph failed to appear in court after the sheriff arrested him, his son Joseph Jr. entered himself as a special bail for his father, who later paid the £24 judgement.  We presume that Joseph’s financial woes arose because of droughts, floods, and disease that plagued Caroline County and caused the ruin of many farmers in the 1750s, ‘60s, and ‘70s. 
When Joseph and his son Joseph Jr. petitioned the court to build a grist mill, it took the court more than 6 months to view the premises and give permission for its construction. 
Although Joseph and 6 others were charged for failure to frequent the parish church for two months in 1773 the charges against Joseph were later dismissed. 

Descendants of Joseph DeJarnette I
Information about the children of Joseph DeJarnette I, their descendants, and allied families previously found at Virginians.com is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Capt. James Pemberton DeJarnette (c.1740-1826),  
 Lt. Joseph DeJarnette II (1747-1824),  
Mary Hampton,  John Hampton Jr.,  
Henry Dillon,  
Robert Lewis,  Judith —,  George Washington,  
Taylor Noel,  
John DeJarnette,  
Joseph DeJarnette III,  Phoebe Sale,  William Sale Sr.,  Robert Lewis,  
Daniel DeJarnette,  Jane T. Coleman,  Spencer Coleman,  Eunice Goodwin,  Hulda Hawes Coleman,  
Elliott DeJarnette,  Elizabeth Coleman,  
Mary DeJarnette,  Edward Withers,  James Withers,  Susan Waller,  
Ann DeJarnette,  Samuel Coleman,  Samuel Coleman,  Sarah Coleman,  Mary D. (—) Coleman,  
 Daniel DeJarnette (c.1749-),  
Mary (Young) Davis,  Williamson Young,  Mary —,  George Davis,  Elizabeth Davis,  
John Harris,  
Nancy DeJarnette,  Bivion Abbott,  
William Young DeJarnette,  Sophia Jane —,  Henry Winston,  
Daniel DeJarnette,  
Mary DeJarnette,  Thomas Goodwin,  Daniel DeJarnette Wilson,  Mary DeJarnette Wilson,  
Elizabeth DeJarnette,  
Catherine DeJarnette,  William Cocke,  William Cocke,  
Elkanah Talley,  
 Ann (DeJarnette) Price,  
John L. Price,  John Price,  Ann Younger,  
Marie Pemberton Price,  James G. DeJarnette,   
Elizabeth Price,  Warner Williams,   
Sophia W. Price,  John Smith,  
Col. Warner W. Price,  Susan E. Walke,  
William DeJarnette Price,  Mary A. Wright,  
John P. Price,  Amelia Young,  
Susanna Price,  
 Susannah (DeJarnette) Bourne (c.1757-1832),  
William Bourne,  John Bourne III,  Elinor Davis,  Ann West,  Richard Bourne,  
Mary Ann Bourne,  Thomas Collins,  Robert Collins,  Mildred —,  Enoch Yates,  
Affair Bourne,  Benjamin Lowen,  Francis Lowen,  Lucy Bourne,  
 Rebecca (DeJarnette) Richardson,  
Thomas Richardson,  
Frankie Richardson,  Joseph Marshall,  
John Richardson,  Sarah Coward,  
Thomas Richardson,  Permelia Campbell,  
Nancy Richardson,  William Barnett,  
 Mary (DeJarnette) Price Wright (1744-1840),  
Richard Price,  John Price Sr.,  Ann Younger,  
Archibald Wright,  
Mary Price,  Abner Watson,   
Dr. Abner Younger Watson,  
William Price,  Mary Richardson,  John Richardson,  Rebeckah Davis,  Mary (Trent) Faris,  Benjamin Faris,  
Dr. Archibald D. Wright,  Polly Raine,  Martha Isbell,  
Sarah Wright,  William Jones Moore,  
Mary W. Moore,  Albert M. Wilkerson,  
Archibald W. Moore,  
Frederick Bradley Moore,  
Sarah Elizabeth Moore,  
William Anthony Moore,  
Martha Moore,  
Mary Wright,  
 Elizabeth (DeJarnette) Richardson,  
George Richardson,  
Mary Richardson,  Thomas Jeffries,   
Rebecca Richardson,  
Joseph Richardson,  
 Margaret (DeJarnette) Richardson,  
Richardson,  
 Richard Pemberton (-1769),  
Elizabeth (—) Pemberton,  Frances Bradley,  
Michael Pemberton,  
William Pemberton,  Joanna Howard,  
Martha Pemberton,  
James Pemberton,  
Richard Pemberton,  
George Pemberton,  
Magdalene Pemberton,  
 Richard Pemberton (1732-1791),  
Amy Stith,  John Pemberton,  Martha DeJarnette,   
 John Pemberton,  
Jane Coleman,  Robert Coleman,  Sarah Anne Saunders,  
Wilson Coleman Pemberton,  Wealthean Edwards,  Ambrose Edwards,  
Judith Coleman Pemberton,  James R. Thornton,  
Thomas Pemberton,  Catherine Newman,  Elizabeth Guthrow,  Catherine Howerton,  
John Pemberton,  Sallie Edwards,  Samuel Edwards,  Margaret W. Chapman,  
Susan Pemberton,  Armistead Robins,  
George Washington Pemberton,  Eliza Bosher,  
Wilson Coleman Pemberton,  Louisa C. Hilliard,  
Anne C. Pemberton,  Pemberton Lipscomb,  John Lipscomb,  
John Pemberton,  
Thomas Pemberton,  Dicey —,  
 Dr. Richard Pemberton of Northumberland,  
Anne Pemberton,  


Notables
This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
 
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
Joseph DeJarnette Jr. - Revolutionary War Elliott DeJarnette - War of 1812
Archibald Wright - Revolutionary War Abner Watson - Revolutionary War
John Pemberton - War of 1812  

Members of congress - U.S. and Confederate
Daniel Coleman DeJarnette - U.S. Daniel Coleman DeJarnette - Confederate

Legislators - colonial and state
Daniel Coleman DeJarnette - Virginia  

Names on the map
DeJarnette Mill Run, Caroline County, was named for family of Joseph DeJarnette DeJarnette, Caroline County, Virginia, was named for Joseph DeJarnette

Selected sources
Hankins, Dorothy Granholm. “Finding Mary’s Lost Identity From ‘DeJarnette-Richeson’ to DeJarnette-Price-Wright.” Magazine of Virginia Genealogy. 29:79-91 (1991). • About Mary DeJarnette, the daughter of Joseph DeJarnette and Mary Pemberton.

Notes
This topic, which represents .25% of all the family history material at Virginians.com, includes 140 citations and the names of 192 individuals.
 
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