Ancestral Family Topic 804

 804   Richard Yarbrough (-c.1697)
Pedigree Chart 06

Richard Yarbrough, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, Richard Yarbrough might describe his life as follows.

The Indians and English had a real “on again-off again” relationship. Powhatan opted first to trade with us rather than resist our presence. Although a negotiated peace in 1614 ended some minor hostilities, Opechancanough, Powhatan’s brother and successor, wiped out 1/6 of the English population along the James 22 March 1622/3.
A treaty of 1625 set aside Pamunkey Neck—that land between the Pamunkey and Mattaponi rivers, including all of present-day King William County—as an Indian reserve.
A tenuous peace reestablished in 1632 was shattered 17 April 1644 when Opechancanough slaughtered 500 colonists. We defeated Opechancanough’s warriors, essentially abolishing the Powhatan chiefdom. Because Gov. William Berkeley, who some say benefitted from the Indian trade, ignored periodic Indian uprisings, Nathaniel Bacon’s volunteers raided the Pamunkey and Occaneechi villages in 1676.
On 29 May 1677 the English signed a treaty with what remained of 6 tribes, including the Pamunkey, all of whom swore allegiance to the king of England and the queen of the Pamunkey. Since I could speak the languages of the Seneca, Iroquois, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, and Mattaponi Indians, I was hired to help negotiate the peace.
Although no white man could own land on the reservation, I arranged for the queen to lease me 4,000 acres in present-day King William County for 99 years, which I in turned leased to other settlers, at a profit, of course.
I was still living at the mouth of lower Herring Creek when Edmund Jennings secured a patent to 705 acres there in 1696,  but was dead by June 1699 when a committee issued a report regarding settlers intruding on land reserved for the Pamunkey. 

The Yarbroughs were originally parishioners of St. John’s Parish that ran the 60-mile length of King William County. After 1721 the upper 30 miles became part of St. Margaret’s Parish. The upper portion of King William County became part of Caroline County in 1728 and St. Margaret’s spanned both counties.

The Pamunkey leases
The committee report of June 1699 concluded that the King had failed to grant the Indians a formal patent for their reservation, contrary to the Articles of Peace. In June 1694 settlers began surveying land on the reservation prompting the “Queen of the Pamunkey Indians together with the great men belonging to the said Nation,” to complain that they never received their formal grant. The committee considered the complaint and concluded that Crown must uphold its agreement as laid out in the fourth paragraph of the Articles of Peace, as follows:
“That for prevention of injuries and evill conseq’ts that may arise for the future by the Violent intrusion of diverse English into & upon the Land Granted to the said Indians by the aforesaid Articles to ye great disturbance of the Peace of His Maj’ties Colony and involving it into crime & misery. It is concluded and established that noe English shall seat or plant nearer than three miles of any Indian Town.” 
Yet about 50 tracts under 99-year leases were already in the hands of the English. Among those listed in the June 1699 report were John Yarbrough “for himselfe and the children and devisees of Richard Yarbrough,” Richard Yarbrough, William Isbell, and 9 individuals who had purchased a total of 3,920 acres from Richard Yarbrough. Should these tracts revert to the Crown, the Indians would have the first right to them. 
Among these individuals was Andrew McAllister whose land patent in 1701 was next to “… old Richard Yarbrough’s whole tract leased of the Pamunkey Indians.” 

Who were Richard’s sons?
Absent records of King William County, we cannot identify all Richard’s children. We know John and Richard were sons and we presume the other men in the next generation in that county—William, Charles, and Edward—were his sons, too. Indeed Richard Yarbrough and Richard Yarbrough Jr. witnessed the will of William Yarbrough in Amelia County.
In Amelia County, where William Yarbrough settled, were two other men named Yarbrough, undoubtedly connected with William. We have placed them as his brothers, sons of Richard Yarbrough. Together, Henry Yarbrough and Thomas Yarbrough secured a patent to 800 acres in Amelia County on the south side of the Nottoway River 10 June 1740—the same day William got his patent in Amelia County. 
Henry and Thomas evidently split the patent in half. Both Thomas and Henry witnessed the will of Moses Yarbrough, and with James Jeter, husband of Priscilla Yarbrough, they witnessed the will of Matthew Wallis. 

Yarbroughs of Caroline
Undoubtedly the Yarbrough men whose names appear in the order books of Caroline County are grandsons of Richard Yarbrough. Those whose names appear most often are included here.
Thomas Griggs Yarbrough was ordered to clear a road from the forest of Needwood to Norman’s Ferry in 1732,  and was sued in 1741 and ordered to give security for the estate of Philemon Hurt in 1742.  When Prudence Lynch sued Griggs, as his name sometimes appeared, William Yarbrough entered himself as special bail.  The court awarded Prudence £1.13.4.  Apparently not done with them, Prudence sued both Thomas Griggs and William in 1745. 
William Yarbrough initiated lawsuits in 1749,  and was married to Priscilla when they acknowledged a deed to Edmond Jones in 1757.  Priscilla testified at a trial in 1760,  and William was twice sued for debts in 1761. 
Lazarus Yarbrough was a party to lawsuits 1745-65,  and was a witness in 1748.  He was likely connected to Thomas Griggs Yarbrough because he sued Prudence Lynch, described as the executrix of Head Lynch, in 1744. 
Jeremiah Yarbrough was a party to lawsuits 1753-58,  and was the father of John Yarbrough who chose Charles Yarbrough guardian 9 Jan. 1772. 
James Yarbrough was a party to a lawsuit 1755,  and was dead by 14 May 1778 when the inventory of his estate was returned, and Mary Yarbrough was later mentioned as administratrix of his estate.  His children were Benjamin Yarbrough, Charles Yarbrough, and Ann Yarbrough. Mary married 2nd William Almond. 

Descendants of Richard Yarbrough
Information about the children of Richard Yarbrough, their descendants, and allied families previously found at Virginians.com is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Richard Yarbrough,  
James Terry,  
Sarah (—) Yarbrough,  Robert Abbott,  
William Morris,  Hans Hendrick,  Thomas Sutton,  William Cockerham,  Paul Pigg,  
James Taylor,  
Richard Yarbrough,  William Weller,  
 John Yarbrough (-1748),  
William Aylett,  John Hurt,  
Thomas Yarbrough,   Henry Isbell,   
Applia (—) Yarbrough,  James Turner,  William Yarbrough,  Matthew Pettross,  
 William Yarbrough (-1748),  
 Charles Yarbrough,  
Henry Yarbrough,  Sarah (—) Yarbrough,  
Benjamin Yarbrough,  
 Edward Yarbrough,  
William Yarbrough,   Elizabeth (—) Yarbrough,  John Wyatt,  Abraham Yarbrough,  Abraham Allen,  Elizabeth Allen,  
Abraham Yarbrough,  Charles Trainum,  Henry Isbell,   
Joshua Yarbrough,  
James Yarbrough,  
 Thomas Yarbrough,  
John Yarbrough,   Henry Isbell,   
William Coat,  Mary (—) Yarbrough,  
Samuel Jordan,  William Jordan,  Jeff Wallace,  
Thomas Yarbrough,  Alexander Erskine,   Jordan Yarbrough,  James Smith Yarbrough,   
Hannah Jordan,  Samuel Jordan,  
Oliver Jeter,   John Robertson,   Dickerson Jennings,   William Jennings,   
Jordan Yarbrough,  Marston Green,   
Hannah Yarbrough,  
Mary Yarbrough,  Joseph Quinn,  
Jane Yarbrough,  Richard Beasley,  Ambrose Beasley,  
Catherine Yarbrough,  
Archibald Yarbrough,  Ann Beasley,  William Jennings,   Edmund Booker,   Thomas Bolling Munford,   
William Watson,   William Bell,  
John Yarbrough,  Betty (—) Yarbrough,  James May,  
Joshua Yarbrough,  Sarah (—) Yarbrough,  Richard Stones,  
Zachary Yarbrough,  
 Henry Yarbrough,  
Thomas Yarbrough,   Samuel Jordan,  
William Jennings,   Martha (—) Yarbrough,  
John Hampton,  Major Brumfield,  
 William Yarbrough (c.1720-1771),  
Diana Smith,  William Lawson,  John Smith,  
James Smith Yarbrough,  
Richard Yarbrough,  Tabitha Johns,   
Elizabeth Yarbrough,  
William Yarbrough,  Leanna Andrews,  Mark Andrews,  Winifred —,  Hezekiah Filbert,  
Oswald Yarbrough,  
Joseph Yarbrough,  Temperance Walton,  George Walton,  Mary B. Ellington,   
Lucretia Yarbrough,  Farley,  
Frances F. Yarbrough,  
Nancy Hughes Yarbrough,  Walton Knight,   
Richard Yarbrough,  
Mary Ann Yarbrough,  Joshua Hardy,  
Martha Yarbrough,  Creed W. Ellington,  
Sarah Burton Yarbrough,  Curtis R. Holmes,  
Joseph Joel Yarbrough,  
 William Yarbrough (-1793),  
Mary Mitchell,  John Mitchell,  
Mary Yarbrough,  
William Yarbrough,  Hannah Mitchell,  John Mitchell,  Elizabeth —,  
Martha Yarbrough,  
Elizabeth Yarbrough,  Peterson Person,  
Samuel Yarbrough,  
Rhoda Yarbrough,  
William Yarbrough,  
Rebecca Yarbrough,  Williamson Harper,  
Joel Yarbrough,  Sally Sledge,  
Hulda Yarbrough,  Joel Randall,  
Samuel Yarbrough,  Mary —,  Peter Randall,  William Black,  Lewis Lanier,   
Mary Yarbrough,  
Richard Yarbrough,  William Black,  Sarah Watkins,  John Watkins Sr.,  Nicholson Watkins,  John Watkins Jr.,  
Edmund Yarbrough,  Peter Randall,  
James Yarbrough,  Daniel Williams,  William Denton,  William Blailock,  
Mary (—) Yarbrough,  Sterling Harwell,  Mark Harwell,  
William Yarbrough,  
Amy Yarbrough,  Hezekiah Thrower,  



Notes
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