Ancestral Family Topic 464

 464   Thomas Guthrey (-1800)
Pedigree Chart 08

Thomas Guthrey, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, Thomas Guthrey might describe his life as follows.

I was probably born in Gloucester or King and Queen but records of both counties are missing, so we will never know. The deed described me as “Thomas Guttery of King William County in St. John’s Parish” when I bought 400 acres in Cumberland County in 1751.
My first wife was possibly a daughter of Alexander King of King William County and my second wife was Sarah.
I later acquired a 260-acre plantation, called “Flint Hill,” on a branch of the Willis River in Cumberland. Because getting our crops to market along public roads was slow, I and my Willis River neighbors petitioned the Assembly in 1774 to clear the logs out of it to make it navigable. 
When I and some other Cumberland citizens discovered that clergymen were meeting with our slaves at night without our knowledge, we petitioned the House of Delegates to have them removed for this “misbehavior,” as we called it, in 1778, but they rejected our proposal. 
I made my will in Littleton Parish in 1790 “in the 15th year of the Commonwealth” dividing my land and slaves among 8 children and leaving “my old large Bible” to my daughter Susanna Moore. I gave my smallbore gun to my grandson John Guthrey and because I had promised to give a mare colt called Kit to my granddaughter Sarah Guthrie, I put that in my will, too. I was dead by 22 September 1800 when Cumberland County recorded my will.


Notes
The purchase Thomas made in Feb. 1750/1 in Cumberland County was via deeds of lease and release from Thomas Harvey and Elizabeth, his wife. 


Who was Thomas’ wife?
Thomas Guthrey’s wife was Sarah by 1766 when she relinquished her dower right in land he sold to James Southall. Yet she was not mentioned in a 1784 deed Thomas made with his son William and was probably dead. 
It is likely that Sarah was Thomas’ 2nd wife and that his 1st wife was the mother of Alexander King Guthrie and Susanna Guthrie. Thomas’ will left the residue of his estate to “be equally divided between all my children or their legal representatives except my son Alexander Guthrey and Susannah More,” evidently distinguishing these two from the younger children.
That Thomas named a son Alexander King Guthrey suggests that his 1st wife may have been a daughter of Alexander King of King William County. Alexander King, a son of Robert King, was baptized in St. Peter’s Parish 19 Dec. 1689.  Old New Kent County History devotes 5 pages to the family of Robert King of “Piping Tree,” King William County, and the history of the ferry and tavern located there.  Old King William Homes and Families includes a bit about the family, too. 
Thomas’ 2nd wife, Sarah, may have been Sarah Travis as they named her eldest son Travis Guthrie.
Travis Guthrie named a son Chastain C. Guthrie. The Chastain family was in Goochland County, near Cumberland County, so perhaps Sarah was a Chastain. Yet a review of this family has revealed no connection. Possibly a connection to one of many men named Chastain Cocke may be found.

Buying and selling land
He was Thomas Guthrey of Cumberland County, Parish of Southam 28 July 1757 when he bought 86 acres from James Brown.  Thomas lived on the north fork Pidy Rock Creek of Willis River, which no longer appears on USGS maps, until 28 July 1766 when he sold 386 acres of it to James Southall.  Sarah Guthrie relinquished her dower right. On the same day Thomas bought 260 acres on Pidy Rock Creek from Robert Kent.  Alexander Guthrey witnessed this latter deed. His Pidy Rock Creek neighbors were Alexander Trent, Archibald Cary, and others.

Life in Cumberland County
Thomas, a parishioner of Southam Parish, appeared in processing returns 1751, and was a processioner himself in 1755-63.  He became a resident of Littleton Parish when they created it from Southam Parish in 1771.
Cumberland County charged Thomas Guthrey on 3 tithables in 1759,  and 4 tithables in 1760 and 1768.  He was head of a household of two whites and two blacks in Cumberland County in 1782.  Although Thomas’ will reveals that he likely then owned more than two slaves, they were evidently in the possession of his children. Absent from the 1784 enumeration, Thomas is presumably living with one of his children.
On 23 Nov. 1780 Thomas and 3 sons—Henry, William, John—signed a petition asking that Rev. Christopher McRae be retained.  Thomas Guthrey, marked “invalid,” and these same 3 sons signed a petition in 1781 asking the General Assembly to suspend legislation that required raising recruits and funds for the war.  William and Henry alone petitioned the Assembly for their church to keep the money from the sale of the glebe land. 
Thomas and sons Alexander, Henry, William, and John petitioned the House of Delegates in 1780 to reject a bill forbidding the use of depreciated currency in payment of debts. 
From 1782 until 1800, Thomas paid taxes on his 260-acre Cumberland County plantation where he continued to live for the rest of his life.

Thomas writes his will
Here is Thomas Guthrey’s will. 


Will of Thomas Guthrie
6 October 1790
I, Thomas Guthrie, of the Parish of Littleton, in the County of Cumberland, being of sound mind and memory, but calling to mind the uncertainty of life, do make, publish and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following after first recommending my soul to the mercy of God and desiring that my body may be buried in a Christian like decent manner at the discretion of my Executors hereinafter named and appointed. It is my will and desire that all my just debts and funeral expenses be first paid.
I give and bequeath to my son Alexander Guthrie five shillings sterling.
I lend to my daughter Susannah More two Negroes viz. Violet and Phillis for the support of herself and her children during her natural life; and after the death of my said daughter Susannah it is my will and desire that the said Negroes Violet and Phillis with all their increase from the time that my said daughter had possession of the said two slaves aforesaid be equally divided between the children of my said daughter Susannah and their heirs forever.
I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Morris one Negro woman named Amy with all her increase to her and her heirs forever.
I give and bequeath to my son Travis Guthrey one Negro named Bob to him and his heirs forever.
I give and bequeath to my son Henry Guthrey one Negro named Peter to him and his heirs forever.
I give and devise to my son William Guthrey the land and plantation whereon I now live, also one Negro named Sam as well as the furniture before the date hereof delivered to him, to him and his heirs forever.
I lend to my son John Guthrey and his heirs forever one Negro named Jack upon this condition that he pays unto all my children when required except Susannah More fifty shillings per annum to be divided between all my aforesaid children including my son John, during the time that the Negro slave may be capable of bodily labor, to be judged of by my Executors hereinafter named, the aforesaid sum of fifty shillings per annum to be calculated from the time of my death.
I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Coleman one Negro named Judith and her increase to her and her heirs forever.
I give and bequeath to my grand daughter Sarah Guthrey daughter of my son William Guthrey having promised the child the same my mare colt known by the name of young Kit to her and her heirs forever.
I give to my grand son John Guthrey son of my son William Guthrey my small bored gun to him and his heirs forever.
It is further my desire that all the residue of my estate of what nature or kind soever, not before mentioned or before the date hereof given up to my said children, be equally divided between all my children or their legal representatives except my son Alexander Guthrey and Susannah More, my old large Bible excepted which I give to my daughter Susannah More to her and her heirs forever.
Lastly I nominate and appoint Robert Anderson, Samuel Anderson, and my son Alexander Guthrey, Executors of this my last will and testament revoking and making void all other wills before me made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this sixth day of October one thousand seven hundred and ninety, in the fifteenth year of the Commonwealth.
Thos. Guthrey [Seal]


Witnesses were Nicholas Hallam, Leonard Borham, Richard Baskerville, William Daniel Jr., and Joseph Hill.

Did Thomas have a son named Thomas?
Thomas Guthrey appeared on the 1771 tithable list of Halifax County, which covered the southwest portion.  He evidently married a sister of one of the men named Cason who appeared nearby on the same list.
Thomas Guthrey purchased about 160 acres on the branches of the Dan River from John Rowe in 1777.  He provided Indian corn to the Army during the Revolutionary War, for which he was later reimbursed.  In 1782 and 1785 Halifax County listed Thomas Guthrey head of a household of 7. 
Guthrey left a will in Halifax County naming wife, Mary, son Cason Guthrey, and daughters, Elizabeth Peterson Guthrey, Mary Guthrey, and Frances (Guthrey) Day (will dated 9 Sept. 1786  and proved 20 Sept. 1787). Cason Guthrey, who held 64½ in Halifax County in 1800, married Elizabeth Lee in Halifax County 21 March (bond) 1802.  He was a qualified voter in Halifax County in 1800 and 1808. 

Descendants of Thomas Guthrey
Information about the children of Thomas Guthrey, their descendants, and allied families previously found at Virginians.com is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Capt. Alexander King Guthrey (c.1735-1817),  
Sarah (—) Guthrey,  Henry Oaks,  
Edward Herman,  Henry Herman,  
Sarah Oaks,  Elizabeth Oaks,  
Benjamin Guthrey,  
Hannah Guthrey,  Thomas Maddox,  
Betsey W. Maddox,  
Anderson Maddox,  
Alexander King Guthrey,  Martitia Wilhoit,  
Livingston Stapp Guthrey,  Hannah Davis,   
Elizabeth Guthrey,  Jesse Davis,  
Alexander King Davis,  Frances H. Hendrick,  
Sarah Davis,  Wilson Carter,  
Hannah Davis,  Livingston Stapp Guthrey,   
Shelton Davis,  Mary H. Meadows,  
Elizabeth Davis,  Jacob A. Anderson,  
John B. Davis,  Mary A. Penick,  
Sarah Guthrey,  Maddox,  Jesse Parker,  David Parker,  Elizabeth Brown,  
Isham Parker,  Judith M. Mann,  
Susan Guthrey Parker,  Thomas Brown,  
Jeremiah Parker,  
John Jesse Daniel Parker,  Elizabeth Walton,  Mary Jane Gills,   
Mary Ann Parker,  William Morgan Jesse,  
Susannah Guthrey,  John Criddle,  
 Susannah (Guthrey) Moore (-1824),  
Robert Moore,  
Elizabeth Moore,  Richard Walker,  
William Moore,  Drusilla Weatherford,  
Thomas Guthrie Moore,  Edith Trent,  
John G. Moore,  Nancy Carlisle,  
Richard Moore,  Margaret —,  
Lucy Moore,  Robert Clark,  
Sarah Moore,  Matthews,  
Travis S. Moore,  Sally Mitchell,  
 Elizabeth (Guthrey) Morris (1746-1823),  
David Morris,  George Morris,  Mary —,  
Samuel Morris,  Martha Biggers,  
Guthrie Morris,  Dolly Holland,  
Sophia Morris,  
Sally Morris,  Abraham Fletcher,  
Mary Morris,  William Hunter,  
George Morris,  Martha Lea,  
Joshua Morris,  Ann Lea,  John Lea,  
David Morris,  
Elizabeth Morris,  George Hunter,  
Caroline Matilda Morris,  Rev. Jacob Fackler,  
 Travis Guthrey (-c.1818),  
 Henry Guthrey (-1813),  
William Richardson,  Phoebe —,  David Saunders,  
Henry Guthrey,  
Nancy Guthrey,  Guielmus Coleman,  Ann Garnett Guthrey,   Guielmus Coleman,  Eleanor Turner,  
David Coleman,  
Marietta Coleman,  Seay,  
Judith Coleman,  Edward Gilliam,  
Josiah Coleman,  Pocahontas Virginia Guthrie,  
Bernard Guthrey,  
Thomas Guthrey,  Polly Baskerville,   
Elizabeth Guthrey,  Francis A. Cox,  
Mary Guthrey,  Chenault,  
Sally Guthrey,  Charles Lewis,  
Ann Guthrey,  John Wheeler,  
Walker H. Guthrey,  
 William Guthrey (1751-1826),  
Rebecca Noel,  John Noel,  Ann Garnett,  
Sarah Noel Guthrey,  James Epperson,  
William Guthrey,  Elizabeth Turner Coleman,  Guielmus Coleman Sr.,  Eleanor Turner,  
Ann Garnett Guthrey,  James White,  Guielmus Coleman Jr.,  
Sarah White,  John Stainback Coleman,  
John Baptiste Coleman,  Arabella Catherine Smith,  Robert Smith,  
Virgil Coleman,  
Ann Rebecca Coleman,  
John Guthrie,  Nancy Jane Palmore,  William Palmore,  Elizabeth Boatright,  Martha Ayres,  Mary Ayres,  John Ayres,  Elizabeth Ayres,  William Ayres,  Mildred Chastain,  
William Palmore Guthrie,  Sarah A. Coleman,  Julius Coleman,  Elizabeth Coleman,  
Nancy Palmore Guthrie,  Decker Palmer Jamison,  
Mary Elizabeth Guthrie,  John Davis,  John Davis,  Margaret Morrell,  
Sarah L. Guthrie,  Henry Jamison,  
George Guthrie,  
Travis L. Guthrie,  
James A. Guthrie,  Susan Rebecca Apperson,  
William Guthrie,  
Rebecca Noel Guthrie,  William James Ferguson,  
Elizabeth Boatright Guthrie,  Shepard,  
John Garnett Guthrie,  Elizabeth Hawkins,  
James Smith Guthrie,  Helen Temple Brown,  William Brown,  Susan —,  
Daniel Travis Guthrie,  Harriet Maria Brown,  
Martha Ann Guthrie,  Samuel Leake Anderson,  John Garnett Guthrie,   
Joseph Lee Guthrie,  
Mary Susan Guthrie,  
Poindexter Watkins Guthrie,  
Emily Jane Guthrie,  William Williams,  
Nathaniel Dunn Guthrie,  
Nancy Catherine Guthrie,  Willis Wade Newton,  
Kissiah Guthrie,  Willis Wade Newton,  
Mildred M. Guthrie,  
Matthew Leake Guthrie,  
 John Guthrey (1760-1835),  
Betty Ann Allen,  
 Sarah (Guthrey) Coleman,  


Notables
This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
 
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
Alexander King Guthrey - Revolutionary War Travis L. Guthrie - Civil War
James A. Guthrie - Civil War Nathaniel Dunn Guthrie - Civil War
John Guthrey - Revolutionary War  

Selected sources
Cumberland County Historical Society. Cumberland County Virginia and its People, Cumberland: Cumberland County Historical Society, Inc., 1983. • Focus on the family of William Palmore Guthrie of Buckingham County.
Guthrie, Joseph A. Early Virginia Guthries and Their Kentucky Descendants. Privately published. • This book amends American Guthrie and Allied Families and enhances information on the Guthrie family founders, specifically Thomas Guthrey and his son, Alexander King Guthrey.
Guthrie, Laurence R. American Guthrie and Allied Families, 2 vols., Chambersburg, Pa.: The Kerr Printing Company, 1933. • Comprehensive work on many Guthrey/Guthrie families including Thomas Guthrey, Travis Guthrey, James Guthrey, and Wesley H. Guthrie.

Notes
This topic, which represents .23% of all the family history material at Virginians.com, includes 113 citations and the names of 223 individuals.
 
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