Ancestral Family Topic 412

 412   William Craddock (-1795)
Pedigree Chart 06

William Craddock, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, William Craddock might describe his life as follows.

I was living in the part of Prince George County between Flat and Deep creeks when it became Amelia County in 1734. The first courthouse was at Pridesville, near present-day Truxillo, where I had an ordinary—a residence that could sell ordinary food and lodging to visitors.  One near a courthouse could be very profitable.
I married Mary Cross by January 1730/1 when her father’s will called her Mary Craddock, and she was still living as late as 1741.  Our son John was a minor when I helped him get his first plantation on Flat Creek in 1742.
I was once indicted for profane swearing and cursing, and striking John Townes in the courtyard.  Then in 1739 the king’s attorney Stephen Dewey asserted that “William Craddock was a man of ill fame, reputation, and evil conversation vs. the peace & quiet of Robert Vaughan,” but the jury rightly found me not guilty.  I prevailed again when Vaughan filed civil charges against me 2 years later. 
After Mary died, I had my eye on Hannah Harper, the daughter of Edward Harper and his wife, Anna.  In 1748 before I married her, to provide for the children of my first marriage, I gave Richard and William Cross Craddock 325 acres each, and Mary and Judith £50 each, to be paid on the day of their marriage or at age eighteen.  Hannah and I were the parents of at 11, giving me 16 in all.
In 1768 I was county constable, then responsible for inspecting tobacco.  During the Revolution, my sons and I contributed 2,337 pounds of beef, 51½ gallons of brandy, and 82 bundles of fodder to the cause of independence. Not only did I let the Army use a wagon and four horses, I spent 4 days foraging for other supplies. 
I was living in Nottoway County 16 October 1793 when I put my mark on my will naming 12 children.  I was dead by 3 September 1795, and Hannah by 1802. 


Court records naming William Craddock
The name William Craddock appeared often in the early Amelia County court records. He sued others and they sued him, often for small amounts, and he was a witness in the suits of others. He served on juries and sat before one when the King brought charges against him. He was a surety to an ordinary-keeper’s bond and lent his slaves to clear roads when the court so ordered.
The 10 Dec. 1737 court proposed the county levies. Living in the county then were 759 tithables and at 18 pounds of tobacco per tithable, the county would collect 13,362 pounds. The court detailed the expenses for the period. The first recipient on the list was William Craddock, to whom they paid 535 pounds.  The court compensated 17 individuals 4,410 pounds for wolf bounties. Men delivering wolf heads to the court included Edmund Booker, John Childrey, William Mayes, Christopher Robertson, William Crawley, and Joseph Echols.
On 20 March 1740/1 the clerk of the court recorded that “William Craddock sworn Constable in room [office] of Thomas Hamlin, who is removed out of this County.”  On 18 Dec. 1741 “Robert Ferguson Jr. appt. constable in room [office] of William Craddock.”  As most other landowners of the time, William Craddock owned several slaves, which became taxable at a particular age. On 17 Sept. 1742 the judges determined “Moll, a Negro” belonging to William Craddock, to be 9. 
On 28 Jan. 1739/40 William registered his stock mark with the Amelia County clerk to help identify freely roaming cattle or hogs. William’s mark was a “crop and slit in right ear, crop and underkeel in left ear.” 
On 8 May 1737 Amelia County opened court to handle the typical county business of the times. Over a few days, the court dealt with about 40 civil and criminal matters. They awarded William Craddock, a plaintiff in two suits, £5.18.0 from defendant John Williams and £2.5.9 from defendant Hugh Boston.  A year later, when the court granted William Baldwin a license to keep an ordinary at the courthouse, William Craddock and Hugh Boston were his sureties. 
In 1752 William Ward and Francis Day were accused of a crime in Amelia County sufficient to warrant their appearance in Williamsburg. The House of Burgesses paid 4 Amelia County citizens for guarding the scoundrels en route: Sheriff Samuel Tarry and Deputy Richard Booker, William Craddock and Robert Vaughan
Amelia County licensed William Craddock to run an ordinary in April 1761,  and he was head of a household of 8 whites and two blacks in 1782. 

Land transactions
Craddock obtained patents for 999 acres on both sides of Flat Creek,  all of which he sold to James Powell Cocke of Henrico County for £100 19 June 1741. Mary relinquished her dower right.  James Atwood deeded 250 acres on the lower side of Flat Creek to William Craddock 19 Feb. 1747/8, for £60. 
William secured a patent for 313 acres on the lower side of Beaverpond Branch of Flat Creek, which spanned 63 acres of new land and 250 acres Craddock had bought from Henry Jolly for £10 on 15 Jan. 1741/2.  Hannah relinquished her dower right when William sold this tract in 1751 to Dr. James Scott who deeded the land to Thomas Yuille, a merchant of Chesterfield County 28 Feb. 1754. 
William purchased 400 acres on Buckskin Creek via deeds of lease and release from James Mitchell in 1737,  which he and Hannah deeded to William Yeargan 9 Aug. 1757. 
In 1752 William secured a patent for 218 acres on the lower side of Sandy River in what is now Prince Edward County next to Henry Ligon, William Ligon, and Matthew Rice,  of which he sold 148 acres to William Moore in 1752 and the remaining 70 acres to Susannah Lewelling and her son Jesse Lewelling in 1753. 
Craddock bought 100 acres from Gardner Mayes in 1760 and 354 acres from Francis Holt of Roan County, N.C., in 1764. 
Beginning in 1776, William transferred 550 acres to his sons. He deeded the 100-acre Gardner Mayes property to Charles Craddock for £50 in 1776, 100 acres to David Craddock for £100 in 1779, 150 acres where he was already living to Moses Craddock for £100 in 1780, and 128 acres to Robert Craddock for £50 and 72 acres to Henry Craddock for £50 in 1783.  For the times, these prices were nominal considerations.

William’s will
The will of William Craddock dated 16 Oct. 1793, probated 3 Sept. 1795, named sons John Craddock, William Cross Craddock, Moses Craddock, Charles Craddock, David Craddock, Robert Craddock, Edward Craddock, Archer Craddock, and daughters Mary Jeter, Judith Smith, Sally Craddock, Edith Craddock, and Hannah Craddock. Witnesses were Littleberry Royall and Joseph Brown. He appointed James Dupuy Jr. and Edward and Archer Craddock executors.


Will of William Craddock
16 October 1793
In the named of God Amen. The 18th day of October 1793.
I William Craddock of Nottoway County being of perfect mind & memory through Divine mercy but calling unto mind the mortality of my Body not knowing when it may please God to call me hence, I desire that my worldly Estate where with it hath been to good pleasure of the Lord to Bless upon me in this life may be disposed of in the following manner, viz.
Item. I give and bequeath to my sons John Craddock, William Cross Craddock, Moses Craddock, Charles Craddock, David Craddock, and Robert Craddock, and my daughters Mary Jeter and Judith Smith Five shillings each to them and their heirs forever.
Item. I give and bequeath to my son Edward Craddock the Tract of Land whereon I now live lying on the north side of my Spring Branch adjoining Ward’s & Royall’s Lands containing Forty Acres be the same more or less, one Bed & furniture, which I give him and his heirs forever.
Item. I give and bequeath to my son Archer Craddock the Tract of Land where on he now lives adjoining Royall’s Land on the South side of my Spring Branch containing Forty Acres be the same more or less, one Bed & furniture, which I give him and his heirs forever.
Item. I give and bequeath to my said two sons Edward and Archer Craddock one Negro Woman named Delce with her future increase, one Negro Boy named Booker & one Negro Child named James to be equally divided between them, which I give them and their heirs forever.
Item. I give and bequeath to my Daughter Salley Craddock one Negro Girl named Suck & her increase, one Bed & furniture, three head of cattle, one large Trunk, which I give her and her heirs forever.
Item. My will and desire is that after my debts be paid, that the remainder of my Estate be it in what kind of quality it may, should be equally divided between my daughters Edith Craddock and Hannah Craddock and my sons Edward and Archer Craddock. The legacy that may hereafter fall to me out of Edmund Harper, dec., Estate to be equally divided between them, which I give them and their heirs forever.



Who were William Craddock’s parents?
Although several men named Craddock appeared in early Colonial Virginia, we have yet to identify the parents of William Craddock.
Robert Craddock of Henrico County was a headright for Capt. Thomas Osborne when he secured a patent to 1,000 acres in Henrico 6 Feb. 1637/8.  With John Davis, Craddock patented 600 acres called “Longfield” in Henrico County 15 Aug. 1637. William Cooke and Richard Carpenter had previously assigned 300 acres to Craddock and Davis whom they described as “of Harihatoxs, planters.” 
Craddock alone obtained a patent for 300 adjacent acres in Henrico 29 May 1638.  He conveyed his 600 acres to John Cox who assigned the property to John Burton. Craddock’s attorney in the exchange, Howell Price, was later Charles City County clerk. On 22 March 1665/6 Burton obtained a patent to 700 acres that included Craddock’s 600-acre “Longfield” plantation. 
When Deputy Governor Argall appointed a William Craddock provost marshal of Bermuda Hundred of Henrico in 1617,  10 residents including John Rolfe protested William’s appointment. He was perhaps the Lt. Craddock mentioned earlier in a Rolfe letter. Craddock commanded 17 individuals at Cape Charles who made salt and caught fish in return for food from the other colonists. A 1645 patent to Michael Master for land in Bermuda Hundred mentioned land next to Lt. Craddock.  This William Craddock was a passenger on the James of London in 1622 but did not appear in the 1625 census.  On board the James with William Craddock in 1622 was one Francis Craddock.
It was likely this William Craddock who left a widow Hester who was planning to marry John Powell 6 May 1655 when she gave away her cattle to her 3 children: Robert Craddock, who was then about 15 years of age, Hester Craddock, and Joan Craddock. Michael Master, the above neighbor of Lt. Craddock, was among the witnesses to the deed.  In Sept. 1659 the court ordered that Robert Craddock should have an equal share of the crop with his stepfather. 
On 3 Dec. 1657 Lt. William Craddock’s son of the same name sold 50 acres on Shirley Hundred Island that had belonged to his deceased father to John Epes of Shirley Hundred Island. Craddock said that the land had “been in the hands of George Browning that formerly belonged to my deceased father and since properly to me.”  Perhaps the son was not enumerated as a child of Hester Craddock because he was her stepson, the child of a 1st wife.
Samuel Craddock patented 1,620 acres in King William and Essex counties with John Echols, William Glover, and John Cave in 1703.  He was among a few who complained about their minister in St. John’s Parish, King William County, in 1706 and was dead by 1714 leaving a minor son William Craddock,  who was still residing in King William County in 1728, but was dead by April 1734 when he was replaced as a tobacco inspector. 
Elizabeth Craddock, of County Kent, England, married John Jaqueline. Their son was Edward Jacqueline of Jamestown, Va. Bishop Meade, who speaks of them and their descendants, the Amblers, believed Craddock was derived from the Welsh name Caradoc

Thomas Craddock
In the Amelia County court that met 14 Nov. 1735, James Crosby sued Thomas Craddock.  A Thomas Craddock was in Prince George County in 1738 when Richard Kennon sued him.  His name appeared on a list of payees from the estate of Mary’s father, John Cross Sr., and Kennon was later involved with the estate of Mary’s mother.

Craddocks of Charles City
Fragmentary court records in Charles City show a family of Craddocks there. In 1762 the court ordered Mary Craddock, administratrix of her husband’s estate, to either give additional security or deliver her husbands estate to her then securities, Littlebury Hardyman and Nathaniel Maynard. 
Elizabeth Thompson sold 50 acres left to her for life by Ling Thompson to William Craddock and his wife, Mary in 4 Sept. 1769. Two days later she made a similar conveyance to William Baker and Ann, his wife.  The deeds suggest Mary and Ann were Elizabeth’s daughters. 

Craddock land patents
William Craddock patented 560 acres in Westmoreland County in 1670 and was listed among his own headrights. 
Land patents in King and Queen County in 1719, 1721, and 1731 mention another William Craddock,  who patented 1,300 acres in King and Queen in 1724.  William was perhaps related to the Samuel Craddock who was a headright for James Henderson when he obtained a patent for land in King and Queen County in 1701. 
Another William Craddock was in an area of Hanover County that became Louisa County in 1742. This William Craddock patented 400 acres on the branches of Pritties Creek 10 Jan. 1735/6.  In 1745 a patent to Joseph Martin identified his land as next to that of William Craddock. 

Descendants of William Craddock
Information about the children of William Craddock, their descendants, and allied families previously found at Virginians.com is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Mary (Craddock) Farley Jeter (-1822),  
George Farley,  
Stephen Cocke,   John Pride,   William Cross Craddock,   John Catlin Cobbs,   Richard Craddock,   Ambrose Jeter,   
Charles Craddock,   
James Craddock,  Abel Jackson,   Davis Allen,  Polly Smith,  
 Judith (Craddock) Smith,  
Smith,  
 Capt. William Cross Craddock (c.1735-1795),  
 Sgt. Richard Craddock (-1787),  
Henry Farley Sr.,  
Elizabeth Hill,   James Hill,   
James Foster,  Nathaniel Page,  
Nathaniel Page,  Hannah —,  James Harris,  Booker Foster,  Lewis Vaughan,   Nathaniel Friend,   Richard Foster,   William Foster,  
Nathaniel Friend,   Sally Walthall,   John Foster,  Joshua Atkinson,  Benjamin Hubbard,   
Mary Smith,  
James Craddock,  Judith Robertson,   
Caroline J. Craddock,  James V. Musgrove,  Nancy R. Craddock,   
Harriet P. Craddock,  John Roberts,   
Richard Craddock,  
William Cross Craddock,  Sarah Truly,   John Townes Jr.,  Rev. John Brunskill,  
Jane Hatchett Craddock,  James Vaughan,   
Asa C. Craddock,  Polly Harper,  John Harper Sr.,  Rev. John Skurrey,  
Louisa Craddock,  William S. Foster,  
Paschal Craddock,  Rebecca S. —,  
Yelverton A. Craddock,  
Mary E. Craddock,  
Cornelia J. Craddock,  
Ann Craddock,  
John A. Craddock,  
Sarah E. Craddock,  
William C. Craddock,  
Isaac W. Craddock,  
Mary Craddock,  
Claiborne Craddock,  Mary Robertson,   Rev. John Skurrey,  Elizabeth Craddock,  
Martha J. Craddock,  
Nancy R. Craddock,  Franklin W. Musgrove,  Caroline J. Craddock,   
Paul Craddock,  
Daniel Craddock,  Sarah F. (—) Craddock,  Henrietta Neal,  
Mary A. Craddock,  
Daniel C. Craddock,  
George E. Craddock,  
William Craddock,  
Matthew Craddock,  
Alveida Craddock,  
Claiborne Craddock,  
Robert Craddock,  Thomas Perkinson,   Betsy Farley,  Henry Farley,  
Jane Craddock,  Fanny C. Craddock,  
William Smith Craddock,  William A. Powell,  
Mary Craddock,  Abel Jackson,  Martha Jackson,  
Polly Craddock Jackson,  Lloyd Robertson,   Rev. John Skurrey,  
Nancy H. Jackson,  Wiley Wingo,  
Elizabeth C. Jackson,  Edward Berry,  
 John Craddock (-1793),  
Richard Craddock,   James Mitchell,  William Saffold,  Ann (—) Craddock,  
Samuel Wynne,  
John Cook,  William Childrey,  Sarah —,  John Mayes,  Elizabeth —,  
William Mayes Sr.,  William Mayes Jr.,  
Mary Hendrick,   
William Craddock,  Elizabeth Scott,   Lt. Daniel Jones,   
John Craddock,  
Richard Craddock,  Ann Bumpass,  
Elizabeth Craddock,  Thomas Collins,  
Nathaniel Craddock,  
Priscilla Craddock,  John Neal,  
Judith Craddock,  Robert Waller,  
Sarah Craddock,  Stephen Neal,  
Mary Craddock,  
Frankey Craddock,  
 Sgt. Henry Craddock,  
 Edmund Harper Craddock,  
William Roberts,   John Roberts,   
Ann Elmore,   
Judith Craddock,  William Clark,  
Mary Craddock,  
Ann Craddock,  
Thomas Craddock,  
John Craddock,  
Edmund Craddock,  
 Capt. Charles Craddock (-1809),  
Rebecca Clough,   
William Gay,   Mary —,  Thomas Jones,   
John Jeter,   
Elizabeth Townes Craddock,  John Chappell,   
Mary Clarke Craddock,  William Clement,   
Rebecca Clough Craddock,  Milton Vaughan,   
Granville Craddock,  Elizabeth J. Wimbush,  
Thomas Averett,  
Abraham M. Poindexter,  Fannie R. Poindexter,  
Dr. Charles James Fox Craddock,  Fannie Y. Easley,  
John Wimbush Craddock,  
Thomas Easley Craddock,  
Abraham P. Craddock,  
Sarah Cornelia Wimbush Craddock,  E.M. Branch,  
Dr. John W. Craddock,  Mary B. Easley,  
William L. Owen,  Jarvis,  
William Townes Craddock,  
George Craddock,  
Dolly Craddock,  
 David Craddock,  
Elizabeth Bagley,   
Littleberry Royall,   
 Lt. Robert Craddock,  
 Archibald Craddock,  
Paschal D. Craddock,  
Zeracel Craddock,  
 Edith Craddock,  
 Hannah Craddock,  
 Sarah Craddock,  
 Moses Craddock,  
George Farley,   
Bartholomew Zachary,  Elizabeth Zachary,  
Nancy Craddock,  Courtland Cabanis,   
Sarah Craddock,  Jennings Robertson,   
Jane Craddock,  Paulin Anderson,  
Polly Craddock,  Thomas Mason,  
Elizabeth Craddock,  Rackerly,  Jacob Lewellyn,  
John Cross Craddock,  
William Craddock,  Molly May Porter,   
Pleasant Craddock,  
Moses Craddock,  
 Edward Archibald Craddock,  
Tabitha Fowlkes,   
Martha B. Craddock,  Samuel Bohannon,  


Notables
This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
 
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
George Farley - French and Indian War Richard Craddock - French and Indian War
Richard Craddock - Revolutionary War Henry Craddock - Revolutionary War
Charles Craddock - Revolutionary War William Townes Craddock - War of 1812
George Craddock - War of 1812 Lt. Robert Craddock - Revolutionary War
Moses Craddock - Revolutionary War  

Notes
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