Ancestral Family Topic 200

 200   Edward Robertson (c.1718-1769)
Pedigree Chart 06

Edward Robertson, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, Edward Robertson might describe his life as follows.

Around the time I was born, my parents, Christopher and Sarah Robertson, moved from Dinwiddie County to Woody Creek about 6 miles east of present-day Crewe, Nottoway County, and we lived on Yarbrough’s Road near the Yarbrough family. 
I had two wives. My first was the daughter of William Yarbrough and my second was Mary Ann Cabanis, granddaughter of a Huguenot—a French Protestant. Of my 10 children, at least John and Priscilla were from my first marriage.
I built bridges for the county and operated grist mills on land I bought along Lazaretto and Mallorys creeks south of Crewe. One of my mills was near present-day Crystal Lake.
My will bequeathed of 16 slaves and 200 acres to my children and left Mary Ann a mill and the land around it. Unfortunately, after I died in 1769, Mary Ann was unable to manage the mill and it fell into disrepair. She reared our children on what little remained. She was still living in 1785 but was dead by 1789 when the deputy sheriff sold my land to pay taxes.

Edward was about 21 when he appeared first in Amelia County court records. 
William Yarbrough left “one Negro girl Hannah” to his granddaughter Priscilla Robertson, undoubtedly identical to Edward’s daughter of this name. 
By 1755 Edward’s wife was Mary Ann, evidently Mary Ann Cabanis named in the 1744 will of George Cabanis. Edward and Mary Ann named a son George Cabiness Robertson. Brothers George and Matthew Cabanis lived in Amelia County near the Robertsons and Matthew Cabanis later helped appraise Edward Robertson’s estate. Mary Ann, who was born about 1734, was too young to have been the mother of Edward’s children John Robertson and Priscilla Robertson who were living in 1748. Yet we have placed her as the mother of Edward’s other children.

Bridge contractor
Edward built several bridges in Amelia County while he was still in his twenties. One was over Cellar Creek,  a second was over Deep Creek at Peter Jones’ quarter,  and a third spanned the Bush River in present-day Prince Edward County.  In 1744, after John Nash griped that the Bush River bridge was so out of repair that wheeled carriages could not cross it safely, the court ordered Edward to appear at the next court to respond.

Land transactions
Edward owned land on both Lazaretto and Mallorys creeks in what is now Nottoway County. He secured patents for 383 acres on Lazaretto Creek in 1743 and 400 acres on Mallorys Creek in 1746,  and made a modest 10-acre purchase on Mallorys Creek from James Anderson in 1750, presumably related to his mill business.  Similarly, he sold a 3-acre tract in 1750 to Robert Rowland “for the conservancy of a water mill,”  which Rowland sold to Edward’s brother Nathaniel Robertson in 1760.  Lazaretto Creek is south of Crewe, Va., and runs southeast from about Burkeville into Crystal Lake paralleling present-day Highway 460, which runs through Crewe. Some presume this mill site is where the dam for the Crystal Lake water supply for Crewe stood in 1964.

Other court records
Wolves were a problem in Virginia and the county paid Edward 140 pounds of tobacco for killing one in 1744.  Like many of his citizen-neighbors, Edward fulfilled his duty by sitting on juries,  and in 1745 he, Isham Vaughan, Nathaniel Robertson, Matthew Cabanis, William Watson, and James Oliver cleared a road from Lazaretto Creek to Nottoway Chapel. The location of Nottoway Chapel coincided with what was later known as Green’s Church near present-day Blackstone. Edward’s brother Henry Robertson was a warden of Nottoway Parish and helped establish this church.
Although the Amelia County March Court 1747/8 summoned Edward Robertson to answer objections against him, no proceedings followed.  One year later, the court ordered Edward Robertson, William Watson, and Matthew Cabiness to view Yarborough’s road and make a report to the court.  Edward Robertson owed William Thornton Smith £1.10.5½ that his widow collected in Sept. 1750. 
When Edward planned to build another mill on Mallorys Creek in 1750, he approached the court to request a jury to assess what damage, if any, it would make to neighboring land by raising the level of the creek.  In 1755 Edward and Mary Ann Robertson deeded 50 acres they owned on Mallorys Creek to Plunkett Holt and his wife, Elizabeth. In consideration of the conveyance, Holt was to pay the annual quit rents on the property for the rest of his life. Ambrose Holt witnessed the deed. 
On 21 Nov. 1763 Edward sold 380 acres on Lazaretto Creek to George Vaughan of Hanover County and in March 1767 he deeded 200 acres to John Forrest of Lunenburg. 

Edward’s will
Edward must have been ill when he wrote his will 7 Oct. 1769 for the court recorded it only 19 days later.  It named 9 children, presumably in the order of their birth: John, Priscilla Mayes, Christopher, Anne, Mary Ann, Edward, George Cabanis, Martha, and Elizabeth Moody Robertson.


Will of Edward Robertson
7 October 1769
(Abstract)
To son John Robertson, young Negro woman Judy and boy Abram.
To daughter Presiller Mays, Negro woman Rachel.
To son Christopher Robertson, Negroes Cate and John when he is twenty-one.
To daughter Ann, Negro Man Will.
To daughter Mary Ann, Negro girl Nan.
To son Edward, Negro boy Pompey.
To son George Cabiness Negro boy Brandum.
To daughter Martha, Negro boy Peter.
To daughter Elizabeth Moody, Negro boy Charles.
To wife, the remaining personal estate until youngest daughter Elizabeth Moody comes of age.
All children who have but one Negro shall have another to make them equal with sons John and Christopher, then wife “to be mentioned out of remaining part” for life or widowhood, then be equally divided among all my children, land excepted.
To son Edward 100 acres on the north side of Mallory’s Creek.
To son George Cabiness Robertson 100 acres on the north side of said Creek.
To wife mill and 10 acres of land for life or widowhood for use of the family, then to be sold and money equally divided among my children.
Edward Robertson
Witness:
Thomas Payne
Thomas Oakley
Amy Barkley


Executors were his son Christopher Robertson and his brother Nathaniel Robertson. John and Christopher Robertson received no land presumably because Edward had previously provided for them. Gabriel Fowlkes, who lived nearby, Thomas Payne, and Matthew Cabanis appraised Edward’s estate. 

Mary Ann, the widow
After Edward’s death no one maintained the mill and Mary Ann received no income from it. Since the family was too poor to rebuild the mill, Mary Ann sold it to James Bagley 22 Oct. 1774 for £30.1.5. Dickerson Jennings, Richard Ligon, and Henry Ligon witnessed the deed. 
Amelia County listed the widow Mary Ann Robertson head of a household of 4 whites with 8 blacks in 1782 and 1785.  In Sept. 1789 Samuel Ford, Amelia County Deputy Sheriff, advertised for sale in the Virginia Independent Chronicle 100 acres belonging to the estate of Edward Robertson to satisfy taxes. 

Descendants of Edward Robertson
Information about the children of Edward Robertson, their descendants, and allied families previously found at Virginians.com is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 John Robertson (c.1745-1826),  
 Priscilla (Robertson) Mayes (c.1747-),  
Gabriel Mayes,  Henry Mayes,  
 Christopher Robertson (-1833),  
Mildred Thompson,   John Norris,   Millinton Roach,  
Christopher Thomas Robertson,  Sally Petty,   
Nancy Robertson,  Joseph Carter,  
Martha Robertson,  Matthew Cabanis,   
George Johnson Robertson,  Elizabeth Coleman,  
William Robertson,  
Edward Robertson,  Nancy Scott Thompson,  Washington Thompson,  Nancy —,  Samuel Thompson,  Margaret Hutchings,  
Samuel Robertson,  Elizabeth Shelton,  
Mary Robertson,  Allen Stokes Jr.,  Allen Stokes,  Elizabeth Green,   
Lucy W. Robertson,  Samuel Hutchings,  
James Robertson,  
Elizabeth Robertson,  William Smith,  
Nathaniel Thompson Robertson,  Priscilla Stokes,  
Mildred Robertson,  Joel Coleman,  
Sarah Robertson,  James Fowlkes Jr.,  
 Ann Robertson (-1780),  
Henry Anderson,   George Bagley Jr.,   John Fowlkes,  
 Mary Ann Robertson (-1777),  
James Bagley,   Nathaniel Robertson,   
Gabriel Fowlkes,   Henry Anderson,   George Bagley,   
 Edward Robertson (-1826),  
Mary Pulliam Thompson,   
John Jennings,   Henry Westbrook,  Mary —,  Jennings Fowlkes,   Jesse Richards,  
Joseph Lynch,  William Summers,  
Thompson Robertson,  Chloe Shelton,  Chloe Robertson Shelton,   
Edward Robertson,  Nancy R. Fuqua Shepherd,  
Christopher Robertson,  Mary Ragsdale,  
John Robertson,  Louisa Wooding,  Col. Thomas Hill Wooding,  
Echols,  
Anne Robertson,  Raleigh Williamson Carter,  Thomas Carter,  Winifred Hobson,  
Thomas Robertson Carter,  
Dale Miller Carter,  
Edward Robertson Carter,  Elizabeth Hutchings,  
Raleigh Williamson Carter,  
Arabella Williamson Carter,  Watson Womack,  
Tarpley Williamson Carter,  
Lawson Hobson Carter,  
Mary Robertson Carter,  Younger,  
Lawson Hobson Carter,  
John Robertson Carter,  
Christopher Lawson Carter,  
Christopher John Tarpley Carter,  
Susan Anne Carter,  William Henry Linthicum,  John Terrell Linthicum,  Frances Glenn Dabney,  
George Adcock Carter,  Bettie Ann Womack,  
Elizabeth Robertson,  Adams Sutherlin,  George Sutherlin,  
George R. Sutherlin,  Mary Norman,  William Thomas Sutherlin,  
Elizabeth Thompson,  Samuel Thompson,   
James Sutherlin,  
Mary Sutherlin,  
Thelma Sutherlin,  
Adams Sutherlin,  
Edward Sutherlin,  
Patricia Sutherlin,  
Mary Robertson,  John H. Lanier,  
Polina Lanier,  
Edward Lanier,  
David Lanier,  
John Lanier,  
Mary Lanier,  
 George Cabiness Robertson,  
Elizabeth Bagley,   Nathan Fowlkes,   Nancy Bagley,   Anderson Jennings,   
Susannah Robertson,  
Nancy Robertson,  
James Robertson,  
Elizabeth Robertson,  
Rosa Robertson,  
Peter Robertson,  
 Martha Robertson,  
 Elizabeth Moody Robertson,  


Notables
This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
 
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
Edward Robertson - Revolutionary War Raleigh Williamson Carter - War of 1812

Legislators - colonial and state
Col. Thomas Hill Wooding - Virginia William Thomas Sutherlin - Virginia

Selected sources
Miller, Dr. Joseph Lyon, M.D. The Descendants of Capt. Thomas Carter of “Barfield,” Lancaster County, Virginia. Harrisonburg, Va.: C.J. Carrier Company, 1997, p. 147-151. • Includes information on the family of Raleigh Williamson Carter who married Anne Robertson.

Notes
This topic, which represents .16% of all the family history material at Virginians.com, includes 93 citations and the names of 158 individuals.
 
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