Ancestral Family Topic 148

 148   John Parker (c.1695-1774)
Pedigree Chart 03

John Parker, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, John Parker might describe his life as follows.

I was born around 1695 for a son and daughter came of age in the 1740s and I had a married granddaughter by 1765. As early as 1735 I was living in that part of Brunswick County that is now Lunenburg—in fact, the county line between Lunenburg and Brunswick ran through my land on Stony Creek. I had plantations elsewhere, too—as many as 1,400 acres in Lunenburg in 1764.
I had children by three wives. Ann and I were the parents of Sarah, William, and possibly Ann. Ann died soon after 1751 and a second wife bore me John, Elizabeth, Thomas, and Sterling who were still minors in 1770. By widow Jane Birchett, I was the father of Nancy.
I served on juries in Lunenburg now and then from 1746 to 1751.  As I got older, I opened an ordinary at the intersection of Flat Rock and Edmunds roads near Waqua Creek in Brunswick County. An “ordinary” was a residence, generally at a crossroad like mine was, that could provide ordinary food and lodging to strangers passing through or visiting the county—like a bed and breakfast.
I was “sick and weak in body” when I made my will in 1771 and lived on to be nearly eighty. My wife did not like what I left her, and, as was her right, got the court to order the sheriff to divide my estate according to the law.
Most of my children left the area, but Elizabeth Parker who married Peter Daniel in 1816, was likely my granddaughter. The Daniels had lived up and down Waqua Creek for decades.


Origin of John Parker
Parkers were in the Northern Neck, Surry, Isle of Wight counties, and elsewhere. Yet none were in Bristol Parish and the St. Peter’s Parish Register records just one Parker birth. Consequently, we have been unable determine from where this John Parker came.
One John Parker died in Charles City County by 17 Feb. 1678/9 when the court granted his widow Ann probate of his will.  Two Parkers were in Charles City County in 1704: Thomas with 1,667 acres, and James with 160. 
John found his third wife in Prince George County, but the remaining records of that county give no hint as to whom John could be. Nor do remaining records of Dinwiddie County reveal any Parkers lived there. Although the forename Sterling of one of his sons suggests a connection to a Sterling family, none has been found.

The wives of John Parker
We have yet to identify John’s wives. Nothing tells us his who 1st wife, Ann, was.
Possibly John’s 2nd wife was a Rives. William Rives, from whom John would later purchase land on Sturgeon Run, was born in Prince George County about 1712, a son of Col. William Rives. The younger man of this name died in Bath Parish in 1786 leaving a will now lost with others of Dinwiddie County.  Among his known sons was Thomas Henry Rives (c.1740) whom John Parker would later appoint to execute his will. One Rives Parker was among John Parker’s grandsons. When William Rives of Dinwiddie County sold land along Stony and Reedy creeks in Lunenburg County in 1765, John Parker was a witness.  Reliques of the Rives (Ryves) reveals no connection to Parkers.
John married 3rd by 1765 Jane Birchett, and they were the parents of Nancy. Jane was evidently the widow of Robert Birchett of Prince George County identified below in Digression: Robert Birchett of Prince George.

Land transactions
John Parker of Brunswick County secured a patent to 400 acres on both sides of Stony Creek next to James Mize 10 Jan. 1735/6,  and would add a neighboring 400 acres of Stony Creek land 16 Aug. 1756, another 400 acres 12 May 1759, and 365 acres 12 May 1759. 
With Ann Parker and Sarah Parker, he witnessed a deed from Joseph Blanks for land on the north side of Flat Rock Creek in 1741.  Ann was John’s wife and Sarah, their eldest daughter.
As John Parker of St. Andrew’s Parish he purchased a tract of land on both sides of Stony Creek from Andrew Moreman 1 March 1744/5.  William Atkinson of Southwark Parish, Surry County, sold John another tract on both sides of the creek 4 July 1745.  Neither deed designated the number of acres. In Dec. 1746 Parker sold two tracts on both sides of Stony Creek: William Beal bought 200 acres and Solomon Orgain bought 104 acres.  Ann relinquished her dower right. 
John got 327 acres on the north side of Dry Creek in 1746 that he sold to Joseph Minor 19 Feb. 1747/8.  No wife relinquished her dower right in the land.
By patent, John acquired tracts of 278 acres and 276 acres on both sides of Little (now Aarons) Creek 12 Jan. 1746/7,  and was a resident of Cumberland Parish, Lunenburg County, when he and Ann sold the 278 acres to John Murphy 3 Nov. 1748 and the 276 acres to Daniel Sears 1 March 1750/1. 
Sears sold the 276 acres back to Parker 23 July 1752 and John traded it for 235 acres on the south side of the Nottoway River 1 Feb. 1759, which he sold to Evans Stokes 14 June 1764.  It is notable that John sold the 276-acre tract to Francis Wynne of Amelia County 1 Feb. 1757 via a deed recorded in Brunswick. 
Parker paid on 4 tithes in 1748, 5 in 1749, 3 in 1750, and 6 in 1751 and 1752.  The roll of 1764 charged John with 4 tithes and 1,390 acres. 
When James Mize sold his land on Stony Creek to Nathaniel Chambliss in 1748, witnesses included William Parker, John Howell, and John Parker.  Both Parker and Howell later witnessed Nathaniel’s will. 
John voted for Drury Stith for burgess in 1748,  and cast his vote for William Thornton and Nathaniel Edwards Jr. in 1768.  The vestry of Cumberland Parish ordered John Parker and John Howell to procession land from Stony Creek to the Brunswick County line in 1755. 
No wife relinquished her dower right when John deeded 200 acres on the upper side of Stony Creek to Solomon Wright and gave 210 neighboring acres to his son William 4 Aug. 1760.  John Parker and Jane, his wife, sold 180 acres on Stony Creek to James Callis 26 April 1765. 
When John Parker bought 100 acres in present-day Brunswick County from Jesse Potts 29 Nov. 1766, the deed described the parcel as at the heads of the branches of Waqua and Sturgeon creeks on both sides of the crossroads where Flat Rock Road crosses Edmunds Road, joining Robert Briggs and Henry Briggs John added 200 acres on Sturgeon Run that he got from William Rives of Dinwiddie County in 1772 for £40. William’s wife was then Mary.  John Parker of Brunswick County added also 100 acres on Stony Creek 10 Nov. 1768. 
Flat Rock Road ran from present-day Warfield westward to Danieltown and on to the Lunenburg County line. From his will we know John ran an “ordinary.” Because John owned land where Flat Rock Road crossed Edmunds Road, his ordinary was undoubtedly there.

Will and probate
John was “sick & weak in body” when he prepared his will in Brunswick County 21 Sept. 1771.  Here is an abstract of the will.


Will of John Parker
21 September 1771
(Abstract)
To my wife the plantation & ordinary house of 100 acres where I now live, 2 feather beds & furniture … during her life and widowhood & out of the profits of the ordinary she shall erect a brick chimney in my dwelling place with a fireplace in the said chimney for each room. I give to her Negro man Luck, one desk …
All my land on both sides of Stony Creek to be sold & the money divided among 4 of my children, namely, Elizabeth, John, Sterling & Thomas & the money to be at interest until they arrive at age.
To my daughter Elizabeth, Negro girl Phoebe, at age.
To my son, John, Negro man Will who is to be hired out until my said son is of age.
To my son Sterling, Negro man Young Eaton.
To my son Thomas, Negro woman Rachel; if my lands on Stony Creek are not sold, then Rachel to be sent there to the Quarter, but if my land is sold, said Rachel to return to my wife for 4 years or to be hired out at my wife’s decease until my son Thomas is of age.
To my son Sterling, the plantation of 100 acres & ordinary house where I now live after the decease or widowhood of my wife.
To my sons John & Thomas, 200 acres joining where I now live which I purchased from [William] Rives, to be divided when they are of age.
To my son William, Negro girl Patt now in his possession.
To my daughter Ann Roger, Negro girl Alse now in the possession of her husband Wm. Rogers.
To my daughter Nancy, Negroes Cate & Dick.
To Grief Birchett, £10, Va. Provided my wife abides by this my will.
To my son Wm., £10 from the sale of Stony Creek lands.
Negro boy Peter to be sold by my executors to go toward extinguishing my debts; the balance of my estate to be sold to discharge my debts & any remainder to go to my 4 children Elizabeth, John, Sterling & Thomas.


John nominated Thomas Henry Rives to serve as his executor. Seven Brunswick County citizens witnessed the will: Henry Edmunds, Thomas Briggs, Moses Dobbins, Hensley Grubbs, Henry Briggs, Frederick Briggs, and Thomas Edmunds.
After he made his will, John sold Stony Creek land. James Callis bought 400 acres and Michael Singleton bought 100 acres.  One deed described him as “publican,” evidently referring to one who keeps a house open to the public, as John did.
John lived 3 more years and was dead by 23 May 1774 when the court recorded his will. Perhaps anticipating some difficulty with the administration of the estate, Rives refused to serve as executor. After widow Jane, who was dissatisfied with what John left her and her daughter, renounced any benefit from the will, the court directed the sheriff to take the estate “into his hands and Dispose of the same as the Law Directs.”
When Sterling Edmunds, Henry Edmunds, and John Gilliam inventoried and appraised the estate of John Parker 1 April 1775, he had then 6 slaves: Will, Rachel and her child Alec, Cate, Van, and one unnamed. 
Two lawsuits regarding the estate of John Parker were brought in Brunswick County 23 Aug. 1785. “Edward Birchett’s children” sued the estate, and “John Parker and others” sued William Parker and John Jones, the administrator. 
Not until after Jane’s death did sheriff John Jones report on the sale of the estate of John Parker. Named in estate accounts were John Cocke, Sterling Edmunds, Colonel Fisher, John Gilliam, Charles Love, Amy Thompson, Peter Thompson, and Col. William Stith
As directed in the will of their father, John, Thomas, and Elizabeth Parker sold about 800 acres on the north side of Stony Creek in Lunenburg and Brunswick counties to John Elliott and divided the proceeds 24 April 1782. The deed described the land as a patent—evidently that of 1735. Sterling, who was to have shared in the proceeds, was dead. 
Of the 200 acres in Brunswick that John and Thomas Parker inherited, John sold 100 to Henry Maclin 7 June 1779. 

Jane, the widow
Jane paid taxes on one poll and her 6 slaves in Brunswick County in 1782,  and joined neighbor Henry Maclin and his wife, Tabitha, when they deeded 124 acres on the south side of Sturgeon Run in Brunswick County to Thomas Edmunds 14 Sept. 1787. 
Jane Parker’s will left her saddle and some household furniture to her daughter Nancy Parker, gave 100 acres and the rest of her estate to son Grief Birchett, and left one shilling each to 4 children: Mary Birchett, Patty (Birchett) Dobbins, Robert Birchett, and Rebecca (Birchett) Mitchell. She appointed son Grief sole executor. William Walker, Frederick Briggs, Ruth Briggs, and Jesse Penn witnessed her will (will dated 24 Sept. 1788  and proved 25 Jan. 1790).

William Parker of Lunenburg
John Parker was possibly related to William Parker of Lunenburg County who secured a patent to 168 acres on the north side of the Meherrin River in Brunswick County 30 Aug. 1744.  He was a single tithable in Lunenburg County in 1748-52.  By 1764 3 sons appeared in his household: William Parker Jr., John Parker, and Jesse Parker.  William Sr. was called “Littlefoot” presumably to distinguish him from his son and John Parker’s son of the same name.
The 1764 tithe list charged William with 95 acres on Flat Rock Creek that he sold to John Hite 10 Sept. 1765. 
William Parker was dead by 11 Dec. 1766 when estate accounts of William Parker Sr. were recorded in Lunenburg County.  Although we do not know what became of his sons, they may have been the Parkers who were later in Halifax County. A son was likely “John Parker (Littlefoot)” identified in a Lunenburg County insolvent list in 1770, he having “no effects [to] come at.” 

Meherrin Parish Parkers
While John Parker’s family was living in St. Andrew’s Parish, another Parker family was residing in Meherrin Parish.
Sterling Parker paid taxes in Brunswick County in 1800,  attended estate sales in Brunswick County in 1801, 1802, and 1810,  and appeared in the Brunswick County Census of 1810 in Meherrin Parish.  Presuming that he gave a son his name, Sterling apparently married Phoebe Dizmang, a daughter of William Dizmang of Lunenburg County who left kitchen utensils to daughter Phoebe Parker and a two-year-old heifer to grandson Sterling Parker in his 1791 will. 
John Rives Parker or Reeves Parker, as his name also appeared, married Nancy. He paid taxes in Brunswick County in 1800,  and 1804-09 his name appeared as John Parker and John R. Parker. He was in Greensville County in 1810,  and left a will in Warren County, Ky.  Their son, Sterling Parker (27 Sept. 1811 - 27 Feb. 1884) married Rebecca L. Almond (23 April 1814 - 26 Feb. 1880) 27 Aug. 1835. The parents of 8 children born 1839-56, Sterling and Rebecca were in Warren County in 1850 and Sullivan, Ky., in 1870. Both died in Sullivan.
Rebecca Parker married James Williams in Brunswick County 10 May 1798.  Rives Parker was surety and Sterling Parker was among the witnesses.

Descendants of John Parker
Information about the children of John Parker, their descendants, and allied families previously found at Virginians.com is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Sarah (Parker) Howell (c.1725-),  
Joseph Blanks,  John Howell,  
Rebecca Howell,  Peter Tatum,  Nathaniel Tatum Jr.,  Mary Epes,  Isaac Brown,  Howell Pennington,   
Henry Haines,  
 William Parker (c.1731-),  
John Green,  
 Ann (Parker) Rogers,  
William Rogers,  
 Elizabeth Parker (c.1752-),  
 John Parker (c.1753-),  
James Dugger,  
 Sterling Parker (c.1755-1778),  
 Thomas Parker (1760-),  
Paschal Greenhill,   
Nancy Parker,  
Thomas Parker,  
 Nancy Parker (c.1765-),  
 Robert Birchett (-1760),  
Jane (—) Birchett,  John Parker,   Blick,  Thomas Blick,  
Edward Birchett,  
Mary (—) Blick,  Robert Birchett,   
Mary Birchett,  
Edward Birchett,  
Robert Birchett,  
John Birchett,  
Martha Birchett,  Dobbins,  
James Birchett,  
Rebecca Birchett,  Mitchell,  
Grief Birchett,  


Notables
This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
 
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
John Parker - Revolutionary War Sterling Parker - Revolutionary War
Thomas Parker - Revolutionary War  

Notes
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